Articles

Take a comprehensive deep dive into specific clinical topics.

Article Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA)

Treating single compartment knee osteoarthritis—options and observations

Unicompartmental knee arthroplasties (UKAs), also known as partial knee arthroplasties, can achieve outcomes and survivorship comparable to those of total knee arthroplasties (TKAs) and high tibial osteotomies (HTOs). Indications and counterindications, procedure volume considerations, and thresholds for revision are constantly being reassessed, based on increased data on reported patient outcomes. Proper patient selection remains critical to achieve good results.

Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty versus total knee arthroplasty
Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty versus high tibial osteotomy
Unicompartmental knee arthroplasties: Tips and tricks

Article Computer-assisted surgery (CAS)

The evolution of CAS and what the future might hold for us

Robotic surgery, computer-assisted navigation, and personalized instrumentation and implants are no longer science fiction: Many institutions already use some of these technologies for precision and planning support. Computers can calculate basic operations 10 million times faster than the human brain. Will they eventually replace orthopedic surgeons in the operating room?

Evolution and basic concepts
Current use in hips and knees
Looking to the future

Article Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI)

The growing risk of PJI and how to manage it

Did you know that dragonflies have a nanoscale surface pattern on their wings that prevents microorganisms from attaching to them? Researchers are studying this phenomenon, together with other innovative avenues, to advance the options available in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI). Here we consider the nuances and difficulties that surgeons encounter when dealing with deep infection in their arthroplasty patients. Expert surgeons, Olivier Borens and Andrej Trampuz, provide valuable commentary and insights about the strategies available to address PJI.

Preventing PJI: how to lower infection rates
Diagnosing PJI: where to start, what to look for
Treating PJI: adopting an individualized approach

Article Positioning of the acetabular component

Acetabular cup positioning—a patient-specific approach

Let us take a close look at the multi-factorial considerations in accurate acetabular cup placement during total hip arthroplasty (THA). This is a challenging aspect of the procedure as it requires knowledge and visualization of anatomy and component position in three dimensions, amongst other things. Understanding each patient’s unique kinematics and structure, screening for spinal and/or other comorbidities, and careful pre-operative planning all play an important part in providing a personalized procedure and positive outcome for patients.

Key elements
Pre-operative planning
Intra-operative considerations

Article Gap balancing versus measured resection in TKA

Evidence for/against the techniques, and comparison

Which is the better technique to deliver superior patient outcomes? Will the soft tissue tensioning method of gap balancing deliver accurate femoral component rotation in TKA? Or is measured resection the superior technique to achieve this? We look at the pros and cons of both approaches, weigh the evidence, and determine whether there is a best path through this debate.

What do two practicing surgeons think about the question of gap balancing versus measured resection? We spoke to Philipp von Roth from the Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin (DE), and Matthew Abdel from the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota (US). They share their perspectives and make some educated guesses about the future.

Brief comparison of the techniques
Evidence for/against gap balancing
Evidence for/against measured resection

Article Limb-length discrepancy in THA

Prevention, management, and dysplasia patients

A recognized and common complication of total hip arthroplasty (THA) is limb-length discrepancy (LLD). (Incidentally, this problem is the number one reason for litigation against orthopedic surgeons in the US). But there are actions surgeons can undertake to minimize leg-length issues, with prevention being at the top of the list.

Through patient evaluation/education, preoperative templating, and intraoperative assessments, strategies can be employed to lessen the risk of LLD. This three-part article series looks at the prevention and management of LLD after THA and gives special consideration to the challenges associated with the dysplastic hip.

Prevention of limb-length discrepancy during THA
Management of limb-length discrepancy after THA
Patients with hip dysplasia

Article Taper corrosion

Risks, tools for diagnosis and surgical strategies

The last thirty years have seen many advances in the field of orthopedic medicine. The introduction of a modular taper joint for use in hip arthroplasty was embraced by surgeons for its intraoperative flexibility. However, it's been discovered that the modular taper is prone to corrosion and linked to problems such as pain, instability, pseudotumors, poor outcomes, increased revision rates, and higher rates of mortality.

Compounding the problem is the fact that researchers have not yet been able to reproduce the problem experimentally, which makes it a challenge to systematically understand the roles of contributing factors. This three-part article series on taper corrosion provides some background, looks at criteria to guide a diagnosis, as well as some points to consider when surgical intervention is under discussion.

Risk factors for taper corrosion in total hip arthroplasty
How to diagnose taper corrosion
Surgical options for addressing taper corrosion

Article The Asian knee

Special surgical considerations

Increasing evidence of race-related anatomical differences is adding a level of complexity when performing total knee replacement (TKR) on Asian patients. Many of the current prosthetic options are developed using Caucasian anatomical data, which could be leading to a less-than-ideal fit and poor device performance.

In this three part article series we examine cultural demands and expectations for TKR, and some of the documented anatomical differences and surgical considerations that are unique to the Asian-Pacific region.

The Asian knee through a cultural lens
Anatomical variations in Asian knees: one size does not fit all
TKR in the Asian knee: a demanding procedure